About the Job.
The Clerk of the Court is a constitutional office created in 1619, and is elected to an 8-year term.
Every Circuit Court in the Commonwealth of Virginia is a court of record. The Clerk of Court is charged with the custody, safekeeping and proper indexing of legal and quasi-legal papers deposited in his office.
In short, the Clerk is your faithful recorder and reporter of the facts.
Among more than 800 duties listed in the Code of Virginia, the Clerk's office is responsible for:
- Administering various oaths of office
- Docketing and filing of criminal actions
- Filing adoption petitions
- Filing civil suits
- Filing divorce suits
- Issuing marriage licenses
- Probating wills
- Processing concealed weapons permits
- Recording assumed business names
- Recording land records and plats
- Recording military discharge forms
The Clerk and staff may not give legal advice, and both are prohibited from speaking for a judge or predicting or interpreting decisions.